{CURRENCY MARKETS} Terminology [Infographic]

{In this article}, we {get into} what we call our “{CURRENCY MARKETS} for Newbies” information with 37 Terms Every Stock Trader {ought to know}!

I’m big on {making certain} you know {the fundamentals} {before you begin} investing in {very cheap stocks}. That’s why I encourage {visitors to} {join} my Trading Challenge. You learn {the fundamentals} first {and} {continue steadily to} expand on that knowledge {through the entire} program.

{Here are a few} {currency markets} terms {that you need to} know {if you need to|in order to} {be considered a} profitable trader. I’ll {provide} brief definitions {of every} {to assist you} {understand} them. Learn {all of them}.

Table of Contents


The {currency markets} is any exchange {which allows} people to {trade} stocks and companies to issue stocks. A stock represents the company’s equity, and shares are {bits of} {the business}.

When people {discuss} {investing} stock, they {imply that} they’ve bought or sold {a number of} shares of {a specific} stock. {The reason} for the trader {would be to} {earn money}.

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{For example}, {easily} buy 2,000 shares of Apple stock at $190 and sell it {half a year} later for $210 per share, I’ll {earn money}. If Apple tanks (which isn’t likely), {I possibly could} lose money, {in which particular case} I’d {desire to} sell quickly to limit my losses.

What Do {TRADING} Terms Mean?

{Currency markets} terms are industry-specific jargon for the securities industry. When experts and amateurs {discuss} {stock trading}, they use these {currency markets} terms to speak specifically about strategies, charts, patterns, indices, {along with other} {components of} the {trading} industry.

Learning {currency markets} terms {will help you to} accelerate {the training} process. I tell my Trading Challenge students {again and again} {to accomplish} their {research throughly first}. If you’re {proficient in} the {currency markets}, you stand to profit {a lot more} than {in the event that you} trade {predicated on} instinct or “hot picks.”

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Some {currency markets} terms – {such as for example} bull and bear, which I’ll cover below – also {connect with} other investment vehicles, {such as for example} {property}. I’m only {likely to} cover their relationship to stocks, {nevertheless, you} might see them {pop-up} in other conversations.

37 Key Basic {CURRENCY MARKETS} Terms

Let’s look at {probably the most|one of the most|many of the most} important {currency markets} terms you’ll encounter as you {learn to|figure out how to|discover ways to} trade stocks. Feel {absolve to} bookmark {this site} {so that you can} {go back to} it later as a handy reference.

1. Annual Report

An annual report {is really a} report {made by} {an organization} that’s {designed to} impress shareholders. {It includes} tons of {information regarding} {the business}, from its {cashflow} to its management strategy. {Once you} read an annual report, you’re judging the company’s solvency and {finances}.

2. Arbitrage

Arbitrage {identifies} {investing} {exactly the same} security on different markets and at different price points. {For example}, if stock XYZ is trading at $10 {using one} market and $10.50 on another, the trader could buy X shares for $10 and sell them for $10.50 on {another} market, pocketing the difference.

3. Averaging Down

When an investor buys more of a stock {because the} price {falls}. This {helps it be} {which means that your} average {price} decreases. {You may} {utilize this} strategy {if you were to think} that {the overall} consensus {in regards to a} company is wrong, {and that means you|which means you} expect the stock price to rebound later.

4. Bear Market

Trading talk for the {currency markets} being in a downward trend, {or perhaps a} {amount of} falling stock prices. {This is actually the} opposite of a bull market. {In case a} stock price plummets, it’s very bearish, read more about bear market.

5. Beta

A measurement of {the partnership} {between your} price of a stock and the movement of {the complete} market. If stock XYZ {includes a} beta {of just one} 1.5, {which means} that {for each and every|for each} 1 point {move around in} {the marketplace}, stock XYZ moves 1.5 points, and vice versa.

6. Blue Chip Stocks

The stocks behind large, industry-leading companies. Blue chip stocks {provide a} stable record of significant dividend payments {and also have} a {trustworthiness of} sound fiscal management. The expression is {considered to} have been {produced from} blue gambling chips, {that is} {the best} denomination of chips {found in} casinos.

7. Bourse

This {currency markets} term {is really a} little murky. Technically, it’s {yet another} name for the {currency markets} and {hails from} a house {where} wealthy men gathered to trade shares. However, {once you} hear it in today’s conversations {concerning the} {currency markets}, it usually either {identifies} the Paris {stock market} {or even to} a non-U.S. {stock market}.

8. Bull Market

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{Once the} stock market {all together} is in {an extended} {amount of} increasing stock prices. It’s {the contrary} of a bear market. {An individual} stock {could be} bullish or bearish too, as can a sector, which I’ll describe {down the road}.

9. Broker

{Someone who|Somebody who} buys or sells an investment {for you personally} {in trade} for a fee (a commission).

10. Bid

The bid {may be the} {amount of cash} a trader is {ready to} pay per share for {confirmed} stock. It’s balanced {contrary to the} ask price, {that is} {just what a} seller wants per share {of this} same stock, and the spread {may be the} difference between those two prices.

11. Close

The NYSE and Nasdaq close at 4 p.m., with after-hours trading continuing until 8 p.m. The close simply {identifies} the time {of which} a {stock market} closes to trading.


The practice {of shopping for} and selling within {exactly the same} trading day, {prior to the} close of the markets on that day, {is named} day trading. {That is} my primary trading strategy, although {I’ve} a long-term portfolio, {aswell}. Traders who {take part in} day trading {tend to be} called “active traders” or “day traders.”

13. Dividend

{Some} of a company’s earnings {that’s} paid to shareholders, or {individuals who} own that company’s stock, on a quarterly or annual basis. {Not absolutely all} companies pay dividends. {For example}, {in the event that you} trade {very cheap stocks}, you’re likely not after dividends.

14. Exchange

{A location} {where} different investments are traded. {Probably the most} well-known exchanges {in the usa} are the {NY} {STOCK MARKET} (NYSE) and the Nasdaq.

15. Execution

When an order {to get} or sell has been completed, the trader has executed the transaction. {In the event that you} {devote} an order {to market} 100 shares, {which means that} all 100 shares {have already been} sold.

16. Haircut

In its most simplest {currency markets} terms, a haircut {can be an} extremely thin spread {between your} bid {and have} prices of {confirmed} stock. {Additionally, it may} refer to {a predicament} {when a} stock price gets reduced {by way of a} specific percentage for margin trades or other purposes.

17. High

{A higher} refers to {market} milestone {when a} stock or index reaches {a larger} {price} than previously. Record highs can signal {a} stock or index {hasn’t} reached {the existing} {price}, but {additionally, there are} time-constrained highs, {such as for example} 30-day highs.

18. Index

A benchmark {that’s} used as a reference marker for traders and portfolio managers. A {ten percent} return may sound good, {if the} market index returned 12 percent, {you then} didn’t {prosper} since you {may have} just {committed to} an index fund and saved time by not trading frequently. Examples {will be the} Dow Jones Industrial Average and Standard & Poor’s 500.

19. Initial Public Offering (IPO)

An IPO {may be the} first sale or offering of a stock {by way of a} company to {the general public}. It happens {whenever a} company decides to go public {instead of} remain solely owned by private or inside investors. The Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) has strict rules that companies must follow before issuing an IPO.

20. Leverage

I’m {not just a} fan of leverage, but it’s {healthy} {to learn} this {currency markets} term. {By using} leverage, you borrow shares in a stock {from your own} broker with {the purpose of} {upping your} profit. {In the event that you} borrow shares and sell {all of them} at {an increased} {price}, you return the shares and {keep carefully the} difference. It’s a dangerous game that I urge {one to} avoid playing.

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21. Low

Low {may be the} opposite of high. It represents {a lesser} {price} for a stock or index.

22. Margin

A margin account lets {an individual} {borrow funds} ({remove} {financing}, essentially) {from the} broker {to get} an investment. The difference {between your} {level of|quantity of} the loan and {the price tag on} the securities {is named} the margin.

Trading on margin {could be} dangerous because, if you’re wrong {concerning the} direction {where the} stock will go, {it is possible to} lose significant cash. {You need to} often maintain {the very least} balance in a margin account.

23. Moving Average

A stock’s average price-per-share {throughout a} specific {time period} {is named} its moving average. {Some typically common} time frames {to review} {when it comes to|with regards to} a stock’s moving average include 50- and 200-day moving averages.

24. Open

{In the usa}, the {currency markets} opens at 9:30 a.m. Eastern time {each day}. It’s {in line with the} trading hours of the Nasdaq and NYSE. Pre-market trading hours begin at 4:30 a.m. Eastern, but most traders don’t begin {attending to} until about 8 a.m. Essentially, open {identifies} the time {of which} people {will start} trading on {a specific} exchange.

25. Order

An investor’s bid {to get} or sell {some} stock or option contracts constitutes an order. {You need to} put an order {directly into} buy or sell 100 shares of stock, {for example}.

26. Pink Sheet Stocks

{The word} “pink sheets” refers {mostly} to {very cheap stocks}, which are traded at $5 per share or less. They’re {also known as} over-the-counter stocks because that’s how {they’re} traded. You won’t {see them} on the Nasdaq or NYSE, or {any} major exchange, and they’re often smaller companies.

27. Portfolio

{An accumulation of} investments owned by an investor {accocunts for} {his / her|their} portfolio. {You could have} {only} one stock in a portfolio, {nevertheless, you} {may also} own an infinite {level of|quantity of} stocks or other securities.

28. Quote

{Home elevators|Info on} a stock’s latest trading price {lets you know} its quote. {That is} sometimes delayed by 20 minutes unless you’re {utilizing an} actual broker trading platform.

29. Rally

{An instant} increase in {the overall} price {degree of} {the marketplace} or of {the price tag on} a stock {is actually a} rally. {Based on the|According to the|With respect to the} overall environment, {it may be} called a bull rally {or perhaps a} bear rally. In a bear market, upward trends of {less than} {ten percent} can qualify as a rally.

30. Sector

{Several} stocks {which are} in {exactly the same} industry {participate in} {exactly the same} sector. {A good example} {will be the} technology sector, {which include} companies like Apple and Microsoft. Some traders {would rather} trade in {a particular} sector, {such as for example} energy, {since they} know {the} well {and may|and will} better predict stock price fluctuations.

31. Share Market

Any market {where} shares of {a specific} company are bought and sold. The {currency markets} {can be an} example – and {essentially the most} significant example – of a share market.

32. Short Selling

{Once you} short-sell a stock, you borrow shares {from your own} broker  with the promise {to come back} them later.  {Once you} sell the borrowed stock, {the amount of money} {switches into} your account. {Nevertheless, you} owe the shares to the broker.  It’s {a method to} {make the most of|benefit from} a stock that {you think} will {reduction in} price. {Once you} sell short, {the target is to} buy back the shares at {a lesser} price, taking the difference {in cost} as your profit. If buy to cover at {an increased} price, you {have a} loss. There’s also a fee to borrow shares.

I used to  short sell {regularly}. These days {I believe} it’s an overcrowded and risky strategy. Short selling {is certainly} not for newbies or anyone trading with {a little} account.

33. Spread

{This is actually the} difference {between your} bid and the ask prices of a stock, or {the total amount} {that} someone is {ready to} buy it and {the total amount} {that} someone is {ready to} sell it. {For example}, {in case a} trader is {ready to} trade XYZ stock for $10 and a buyer is {ready to} pay $9 {for this}, the spread is $1.

34. Stock Symbol

A stock symbol {is really a} one- to four-character alphabetic root symbol that represents a publicly traded company on a {stock market}. Apple’s stock symbol is AAPL, while Walmart’s is WMT.

35. Volatility

{The purchase price} movements of a stock or the {currency markets} {all together}. Highly volatile stocks are {people that have} extreme daily {along} movements and wide intraday trading ranges. {This is} {normal with} stocks {which are} thinly traded or have low trading volumes.

I’m {a large} fan of high-volatility stocks because {I could} {create a} big profit off spikes or dips, {based on} how I’m trading, in {a brief period} of time. High volatility often makes trading more exciting, but it’s also risky if you’re inexperienced.

36. Volume

{The amount of} shares of stock traded {throughout a} particular {time frame}, normally measured in average daily trading volume. Volume {may also} mean {the amount of} shares {you get} of {confirmed} stock. {For example}, buying 2,000 shares of {an organization} {is really a} higher-volume purchase than buying 20 shares.

37. Yield

Often {identifies} the {way of measuring} the return on an investment {that’s} received from the payment of a dividend. {That is} {dependant on} dividing the annual dividend amount by {the purchase price} {covered} the stock. {In the event that you} bought stock XYZ for $40 per share {also it} pays a $1.00-per-year dividend, {you’ve got a} “yield” of 2.5 percent.

{FAQS} About Market Terms

{What’s} the {CURRENCY MARKETS}?

The {currency markets} is any exchange {which allows} people to {trade} stocks, or companies to issue stock publicly.

{What exactly are} Trading Terms?

{Currency markets} trading terms are specific jargon for the securities industry. When experts and amateurs {discuss} trading, they use {currency markets} terms.

{Do you know the} Most Used {CURRENCY MARKETS} Terms?

{Probably the most} used {currency markets} terms include bear market, bull market, blue chip stocks, earnings per share, dividend, bid, ask, spread, and close. Other {popular} {currency markets} terms include leverage, margin, and initial public offering.


Knowing your {currency markets} terms {can make} you {an improved} trader. {It requires} {time and energy to} grasp the intricacies of securities trading, but {as soon as you} do, the {currency markets} terms above {can be} {section of} your daily vocabulary.

I urge {one to} quiz yourself on {currency markets} terms until you’re highly {acquainted with} them all. {You may also|You can even} explore other {currency markets} terms {because they} {pop-up} in {your quest} {and that means you|which means you} don’t get confused.

If you’re {thinking about} learning {how exactly to} trade stocks, consider {trying to get} the Trading Challenge. I’m currently {trying to find} my next successful student, and I {anticipate} {dealing with} you {later on}.

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